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Case Profile

Docket Number16-1140
Full NameNational Institute of Family and Life Advocates, dba NIFLA v. Xavier Becerra, Attorney General of California
Short NameNIFLA v. Becerra
PetitionerNational Institute of Family and Life Advocates, dba NIFLA
RespondentXavier Becerra, Attorney General of California
Date Argued (Reargued)March 20, 2018
Date DecidedJune 26, 2018

Question Presented

The State of California enacted a law called the "Reproductive FACT Act." The State admits its purpose is targeting "crisis pregnancy centers" based on their viewpoint that "discourag[es]" abortion. The Act forces pro-life religious licensed centers to post notices that encourage women to contact the State to receive information on free or low cost abortions. The Act also burdens pro-life religious unlicensed centers' speech by requiring them to place extensive disclaimers in large fonts and in as many as 13 languages in their ads, which significantly burdens their ability to advertise. But the Act exempts most other licensed medical and unlicensed non-medical facilities, such as abortion providers, hospitals, and other healthcare facilities, as well as federal health care providers. The Ninth Circuit candidly admits that it upheld the Act amidst a "circuit split" with decisions by the Second and Fourth Circuits over how to scrutinize regulations of speech by medical professionals on controversial health issues. The ruling also conflicts with a recent decision by the Eleventh Circuit. The question presented is: Whether the Free Speech Clause or the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment prohibits California from compelling licensed pro-life centers to post information on how to obtain a state-funded abortion and from compelling unlicensed pro-life centers to disseminate a disclaimer to clients on site and in any print and digital advertising. GRANTED LIMITED TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTION: WHETHER THE DISCLOSURES REQUIRED BY THE CALIFORNIA REPRODUCTIVE FACT ACT VIOLATE THE PROTECTIONS SET FORTH IN THE FREE SPEECH CLAUSE OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT, APPLICABLE TO THE STATES THROUGH THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT.

Case Events

63 2018-01-24SET FOR ARGUMENT ON Tuesday, March 20, 2018
62 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of National Association of Evangelicals, et al. filed.
61 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of Heartbeat International, Inc. filed.
60 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of David Boyle filed.
59 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of Conservative Legal Defense and Education Fund, et al. filed.
58 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of Alpha Center, A Pregnancy Help Center Registered Under the Laws of South Dakota filed.
57 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of Freedom X and Crisis Pregnancy Clinic of Southern California filed.
56 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of American Center for Law & Justice, et al. filed.
55 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of Mountain Right to Life, Inc., dba Pregnancy and Family Resource Center, Birth Choice of the Desert and His Nesting Place filed.
54 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of Legal Scholars filed.
53 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of 144 Members of Congress filed.
52 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of Foundation for Moral Law filed.
51 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of C12 Group, CEO Forum, Inc., Christian Employers Alliance, Marketplace Leaders filed.
50 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of Operation Outcry, Texas Justice Foundation, and Priests for Life filed.
49 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of First Resort, Inc. filed.
48 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of The Scharpen Foundation, Inc., Advocates for Faith & Freedom, and National Pro-Life Alliance filed.
47 2018-01-16Brief amicus curiae of United States Supporting Neither Party filed.
46 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of State of Texas, et al. filed.
45 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians & Gynecologists, et al. filed.
44 2018-01-16Brief amici curiae of U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al. filed.
43 2018-01-15Brief amicus curiae of Institute for Justice filed.
42 2018-01-15Brief amicus curiae of Human Coalition filed.
41 2018-01-15Brief amici curiae of Pregnancy Care Centers in Texas filed.
40 2018-01-15Brief amici curiae of 41 Family Policy Organizations filed.
39 2018-01-15Brief amicus curiae of Care Net filed.
38 2018-01-12Brief amicus curiae of Jews for Religious Liberty filed.
37 2018-01-12Brief amici curiae of Charlotte Lozier Institute, et al. filed.
36 2018-01-12Brief amicus curiae of Justice and Freedom Fund filed.
35 2018-01-12Brief amici curiae of Massachusetts Citizens for Life, et al. filed.
34 2018-01-11Brief amici curiae of 13 Women and The Catholic Association Foundation filed.
33 2018-01-11Brief amici curiae of Twenty-Three Illinois Pregnancy Care Centers filed.
32 2018-01-08Joint appendix filed.
31 2018-01-08Brief of petitioners NIFLA, et al. filed.
30 2017-12-26Brief amicus curiae of Cato Institute filed.
29 2017-12-22Joint motion of the parties to file their opening briefs on the merits is granted and the time to file the joint appendix and petitioner's brief on the merits is extended to and including January 8, 2018, and the time to file respondents' brief on the merits is extended to and including February 20, 2018.
28 2017-12-20Joint motion of the parties for an extension of time filed.
27 2017-11-29Blanket Consent filed by Petitioners, NIFLA, et al..
26 2017-11-13Petition GRANTED limited to the following question: Whether the disclosures required by the California Reproductive FACT Act violate the protections set forth in the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment, applicable to the States through the Fourteenth Amendment.
25 2017-11-06DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 11/9/2017.
24 2017-11-02Letter of November 2, 2017, from counsel for respondents received. VIDED (Distributed)
23 2017-11-02Letter of November 2, 2017, from counsel for petitioner received. (Distributed)
22 2017-10-30DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 11/3/2017.
21 2017-10-23DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 10/27/2017.
20 2017-10-10DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 10/13/2017.
19 2017-10-02DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 10/6/2017.
18 2017-09-21Rescheduled.
17 2017-06-21DISTRIBUTED for Conference of September 25, 2017.
16 2017-06-19Record received from the U.S.C.A. 9th Circuit. The record is electronic and available on PACER.
15 2017-06-19Record Requested.
14 2017-06-06DISTRIBUTED for Conference of June 22, 2017.
13 2017-06-05Reply of petitioners National Institute of Family and Life Advocates, dba NIFLA, et al. filed.
12 2017-05-24Brief of respondents State Respondents in opposition filed. VIDED.
11 2017-04-20Brief amici curiae of National Association of Evangelicals, Christian Legal Society, et al. filed. VIDED
10 2017-04-20Brief amicus curiae of Cato Institute filed.
9 2017-04-20Brief amici curiae of United States Justice Foundation, et al. filed.
8 2017-04-20Brief amicus curiae of Care Net filed.
7 2017-04-20Brief amicus curiae of Charlotte Lozier Institute filed.
6 2017-04-20Brief amici curiae of Freedom X and Crisis Pregnancy Clinic of Southern California filed.
5 2017-04-17Brief amicus curiae of Liberty, Life and Law Foundation filed.
4 2017-04-14Order extending time to file response to petition to and including May 24, 2017.
3 2017-04-13Waiver of right of respondent Morgan Foley to respond filed.
2 2017-04-13Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs, in support of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for the petitioners.
1 2017-03-20Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due April 20, 2017)

Case Counsels

NameParty NameDescriptionAddressPhoneType
Andrea Marie Picciotti-Bayer13 Women and The Catholic Association FoundationCounsel of RCatholic Association Foundation3220 N. Street NW, Suite 126Washington, DC 20007amariepicciotti@gmail.com5712016564other
Carrie L. MitchellMorgan FoleyCounsel of RecordMcDougal, Love, Boehmer, Foley, Lyon & Canlas8100 La Mesa Blvd., Suite 200La Mesa, CA 91942cmitchell@mcdougallove.com(619) 440-4444respondent
Catherine Glenn FosterCharlotte Lozier InstituteAmicus1200 New Hampshire Ave., N.W., Suite 750Washington, DC 20036cfoster@lozierinstitute.org(202) 223-8073other
Catherine Wynne ShortOperation Outcry, Texas Justice Foundation, and Priests for LifeCounsel of RecordLife Legal Defense FoundationP.O. Box 1313Ojai, CA 93024-1313lldfojai@earthlink.net(707) 337-6880other
David Andrew CortmanNIFLA, et al.Counsel of RecAlliance Defending Freedom1000 Hurricane Shoals Road, NESuite D-1100Lawrenceville, GA 30043dcortman@adflegal.org7703390774petitioner
David Austin French41 Family Policy OrganizationsCounsel of RecoNational Review Institute19 West 44th StreetSuite 1701New York, NY 10036dfrench@nationalreview.com931-446-7572other
David Christopher BoyleDavid BoyleCounsel of RecPO Box 15143Long Beach, CA 90815dbo@boyleslaw.org(734)-904-6132other
Deborah DewartLiberty, Life and Law FoundationAmicus620 E. Sabiston Drive Swansboro, NC 28584-9674debcpalaw@earthlink.net(910)-326-4554other
Dorinda C. BordleeCharlotte Lozier InstituteCounsel of RecBioethics Defense Fund3422 Cleary AvenueMetairie, LA 70002dbordlee@bdfund.org5042317234other
Dwight Gerard DuncanMassachusetts Citizens for Life, et al.Counsel of RecoUniversity of MassachusettsSchool of Law333 Faunce Corner RoadNorth Dartmouth, MA 02747dduncan@umassd.edu508-985-1124other
Frederick W. Claybrook Jr.National Association of Evangelicals, et al.Counsel of RClaybrook, LLC1001 Pa. Ave., N.W., 8th FloorWashington, DC 20004rick@claybrooklaw.com202-250-3883other
Frederick W. Claybrook Jr.National Association of Evangelicals, Christian Legal Society, et al.AmicusClaybrook, LLC1001 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., 8th FloorWashington, DC 20004rick@claybrooklaw.com(202) 250-3833other
Gene Clayton SchaerrU.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, et al.Counsel of RecordSchaerr | Duncan1717 K Street NW, Suite 900Washington, DC 20006gschaerr@schaerr-duncan.com202-787-1060other
Harold J. CassidyAlpha Center, A Pregnancy Help Center Registered Under the Laws of South DakotaCounsel of RecThe Cassidy Law Firm750 Broad StreetShrewsbury, NJ 07702hjc@haroldcassidy.com7327473999other
Herbert William TitusConservative Legal Defense and Education Fund, et al.Counsel of RecordWilliam J. Olson, P.C.370 Maple Ave WSuite 4Vienna, VA 22180jmorgan@mindspring.com7033565070other
Howard Nathan SlughJews for Religious LibertyCounsel of Rec2400 Virginia Avenue, N.W.Apt. C619Washington, DC 20037hslugh@cooperkirk.com954-328-9461other
Ilya ShapiroCato InstituteAmicusCato Institute1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20001ishapiro@cato.org(202) 842-2000other
Ilya ShapiroCato InstituteCounsel of RecordCato Institute1000 Massachusetts Ave., NWWashington, DC 20001ishapiro@cato.org2028420200other
James Christopher RuttenHeartbeat International, Inc.Counsel of RecordMunger, Tolles & Olson LLP350 South Grand Avenue, 50th FloorLos Angeles, CA 90071-3426james.rutten@mto.com(213) 683-9189other
James L. HirsenJustice and Freedom FundCounsel of Record505 S. Villa Real DriveSuite 208Anaheim Hills, CA 92807james@jameshirsen.com(714) 283-8880other
Jay Alan SekulowAmerican Center for Law & Justice, et al.Counsel of RecordAmerican Center for Law and Justice201 Maryland Avenue, N.E.Washington, DC 20002sekulow@aclj.org(202) 546-8890other
Jeremiah Lee MorganUnited States Justice Foundation, et al.AmicusWilliam J. Olson, P.C.370 Maple Avenue, West, Suite 4Vienna, VA 22180-5615wjo@mindspring.com(703)-356-5070other
John J. BurschCare NetCounsel of RecordBursch Law PLLC9339 Cherry Valley SE, #78Caledonia, MI 49316jbursch@burschlaw.com(616) 450-4235other
John J. BurschCare NetAmicusBursch Law PLLC9339 Cherry Valley Avenue SE, #78 Caledonia, MI 49316jbursch@burschlaw.com(616) 450-4235other
Jonathan David ChristmanHuman CoalitionCounsel of RecFox Rothschild LLP10 Sentry Parkway, Suite 200P.O. Box 3001Blue Bell, PA 19422jchristman@foxrothschild.com610-397-6500other
Joshua Aaron KleinBecerra, Att'y Gen. of CA, et al.Counsel of RecordCalifornia Department of Justice455 Golden Gate Ave., Suite 11000San Francisco, CA 94102-7004joshua.klein@doj.ca.gov415-703-2543respondent
Kenneth Alan KlukowskiLegal ScholarsCounsel of RecordFirst Liberty Institute2001 West Plano ParkwaySuite 1600Plano, TX 75075kklukowski@firstliberty.org(972) 941-4444other
Linda Boston SchlueterPregnancy Care Centers in TexasCounsel of RTrinity Legal Center11120 Wurzbach, Suite 206San Antonio, TX 78230TLC4Linda@aol.com210-697-8202other
Mark Leonard RienziFirst Resort, Inc.Counsel of RecThe Becket Fund for Religious Liberty1200 New Hampshire Ave., NWSuite 700Washington, DC 20036rienzi@law.edu2025070834other
Matthew James ClarkFoundation for Moral LawCounsel of RecordFoundation for Moral Law, Inc. 1 Dexter AvenueMontgomery, AL 36104matt@morallaw.org301-503-6329other
Michael Lee FranciscoC12 Group, CEO Forum, Inc., Christian Employers Alliance, Marketplace LeadeCounsel of RecordMRD Law620 N Tejon StSuite 101Colorado Springs, CO 80903michael.francisco@mrd.law3033257843other
Noel J. FranciscoUnited StatesCounsel of RecordSolicitor GeneralUnited States Department of Justice950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NWWashington, DC 20530-0001SupremeCtBriefs@USDOJ.gov202-514-2217other
Noel Ward SterettTwenty-Three Illinois Pregnancy Care CentersCounsel of RecMauck & Baker, LLCOne North LaSalle Street, Suite 600Chicago, IL 60602nsterett@mauckbaker.com312-726-1243other
Patrick Strawbridge144 Members of CongressCounsel of RecoConsovoy McCarthy Park PLLCTen Post Office Square8th Floor South PMB #706Boston, MA 02109patrick@consovoymccarthy.com2075223163other
Robert H. TylerThe Scharpen Foundation, Inc., Advocates for Faith & Freedom, and National Pro-Life AllianceCounsel of RecordTyler & Bursch, LLP24910 Las Brisas RoadSuite 110Murrieta, CA 92562rtyler@tylerbursch.com9516002733other
Robert James McNamaraInstitute for JusticeCounsel of RecordInstitute for Justice901 N Glebe RoadSuite 900Arlington, VA 22203rmcnamara@ij.org703-682-9320other
Scott A. KellerState of Texas, et al.Counsel of RecordOffice of the Attorney GeneralSolicitor GeneralP.O. Box 12548 (MC 059)Austin, TX 78711-2548scott.keller@oag.texas.gov5125902655other
Steven Henry AdenAmerican Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians & Gynecologists; Christian Medical & Dental Association; American College of PediatriciansCounsel of RecoAmericans United for Life2101 Wilson Blvd.Suite 525Arlington, VA 22201Steven.Aden@aul.org202-741-4917other
Thomas Dale BuntonThomas E. MontgomeryCounsel of RecordOffice of County Counsel1600 Pacific HighwayRoom 355San Diego, CA 92101thomas.bunton@sdcounty.ca.gov619-531-6456respondent
William Becker Jr.Freedom X and Crisis Pregnancy Clinic of Southern CaliforniaCounsel of RecordFreedom X1500 Olympic Blvd.Suite 400Los Angeles, CA 90064freedomxlaw@gmail.com310-636-1018other
William J. Becker Jr.Freedom X and Crisis Pregnancy Clinic of Southern CaliforniaAmicusFreedom X11500 Olympic Blvd.Suite 400Los Angeles, CA 90064freedomxlaw@gmail.com(310) 636-1018other
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