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Case Profile

Docket Number16-1466
Term2017
Full NameMark Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31
Short NameJanus v. AFSCME
PetitionerMark Janus
RespondentAmerican Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31
Date Argued (Reargued)Feb. 26, 2018
Date Decided

Question Presented

Twice in the past five years this Court has questioned its holding in Abood v. Detroit Board of Education, 431 U.S. 209 (1977) that it is constitutional for a government to force its employees to pay agency fees to an exclusive representative for speaking and contracting with the government over policies that affect their profession. See Harris v. Quinn, _U.S._, _, 134 S. Ct. 2618, 2632-34 (2014); Knox v. SEIU, Local 1000, 567 U.S. 298, _, 132 S. Ct. 2277, 2289 (2012). Last term this Court split 4 to 4 on whether to overrule Abood. Friedrichs v. Cal. Teachers Ass'n, _U.S._, 136 S. Ct. 1083 (2016). This case presents the same question presented in Friedrichs: should Abood be overruled and public sector agency fee arrangements declared unconstitutional under the First Amendment?

Case Events

NoDateDescription
102 2018-01-23Brief amici curiae of Child Protective Service Workers and Their Representatives filed. (Distributed)
101 2018-01-22Amicus brief of National Education Association et al. submitted.
100 2018-01-19Amicus brief of Child Protective Service Workers and Their Representatives not accepted for filing. (January 22, 2018)
99 2018-01-19Motion of Lisa Madigan and Michael Hoffman for divided argument submitted.
98 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of International Brotherhood of Teamsters filed. (Distributed)
97 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Fifteen Unions, et al. filed. (Distributed)
96 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of International Association of Machininists and Aerospace Workers filed. (Distributed)
95 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of The National Fraternal Order of Police filed. (Distributed)
94 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of National Education Association ,et al. filed. VIDED. (Distributed)
93 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center, The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, and 85 Additional Organizations Committed to Civil Rights and Economic Opportunity filed. (Distributed)
92 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Crown Building Maintenance Co. d/b/a Able Services and Northern Indiana Independent Contractors Group filed. (Distributed)
91 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of 24 Past Presidents of the D.C. Bar filed. (Distributed)
90 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Professors Eugene Volokh and William Baude filed. (Distributed)
89 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of Professor Benjamin I. Sachs filed. (Distributed)
88 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Faith in Public Life, et al. filed. (Distributed)
87 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of The City of New York filed. (Distributed)
86 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Professors Cynthia L. Estlund, Samuel Estreicher, Julius G. Getman, William B. Gould IV, Michael C. Harper, and Theodore J. St. Antoine filed. (Distributed)
85 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Human Rights Campaign, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., National Center for Lesbian Rights, National LGBTQ Task Force, and PFLAG National filed. (Distributed)
84 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of Laborers' International Union of North America filed. (Distributed)
83 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of American Federation of Teachers filed. (Distributed)
82 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of American Civil Liberties Union filed. (Distributed)
81 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of States of New York, Alaska Connecticut Delaware Hawaii Iowa Kentucky Maine Maryland Massachusetts Minnesota New Mexico New Jersey North Carolina Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont Virginia and Washington and the District of Columbia filed. (Distributed)
80 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Labor Law & Labor Relations Professors filed. (Distributed)
79 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of NEW YORK CITY SERGEANTS BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION filed. (Distributed)
78 2018-01-19Motion of the Solicitor General for leave to participate in oral argument as amicus curiae and for divided argument filed.
77 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Constitutional Law Scholars filed. (Distributed)
76 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of American Federation of Government Employees filed. (Distributed)
75 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Los Angeles County's Department of Health Services, et al. filed. (Distributed)
74 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of International Association of Fire Fighters filed. (Distributed)
73 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Mayor Eric Garcetti, County Executive Dow Constantine, Mayor Jenny Durkan, Mayor Rahm Emanuel, Mayor James Kenney, and Mayor Bill De Blasio filed. (Distributed)
72 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops filed. (Distributed)
71 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of The National Conference on Public Employee Retirement Systems filed. (Distributed)
70 2018-01-19Brief amici curiae of Republican Current and Former State and Local Officeholders filed. (Distributed)
69 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of State of California filed. (Distributed)
68 2018-01-19Brief amicus curiae of New York City Municipal Labor Committee filed. (Distributed)
67 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of Workers Rasheedah Gray, et al filed. (Distributed)
66 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of Chabot Las-Positas Faculty Association, et al. filed. (Distributed)
65 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations filed. (Distributed)
64 2018-01-18Brief amicus curiae of Public Citizen, Inc. filed. (Distributed)
63 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of Senators Sheldon Whitehouse and Richard Blumenthal filed. (Distributed)
62 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of Governor Tom Wolf, et al. filed. (Distributed)
61 2018-01-18Brief amici curiae of Economists and Professors of Law and Economics filed. (Distributed)
60 2018-01-18Brief amicus curiae of Steve Bullock, Governor of Montana filed. (Distributed)
59 2018-01-12Brief of respondents American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31 filed. (Distributed)
58 2018-01-12Brief of respondents Lisa Madigan and Michael Hoffman filed. (Distributed)
57 2018-01-10Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 7th Circuit.
56 2018-01-05CIRCULATED
55 2017-12-20SET FOR ARGUMENT ON Monday, February 26, 2018
54 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of 1851 Center for Constitutional Law filed.
53 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Employees of the State of Minnesota Court System filed.
52 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Freedom Foundation and Economists filed.
51 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Rebecca Friedrichs, et al. filed.
50 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Jason R. Barclay and James S. Montana, Jr. filed.
49 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of The Center on National Labor Policy, Inc. & Ben Johnson filed.
48 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Certified Public Accountants in support of neither party filed.
47 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of Mackinac Center for Public Policy filed.
46 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of Corporate Law Professors in support of neither party filed.
45 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of Atlantic Legal Foundation filed.
44 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of The Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions and Southeastern Legal Foundation filed.
43 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of Landmark Legal Foundation filed.
42 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of James Madison Institute filed.
41 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of United States filed.
40 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of American Center for Law & Justice filed.
39 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty filed.
38 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Jane Ladley and Christopher Meier filed.
37 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of California Public-school Teachers filed.
36 2017-12-06Brief amicus curiae of Competitive Enterprise Institute filed.
35 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Charles Fried and Robert C. Post in support of neither party filed.
34 2017-12-06Brief amici curiae of Gregory J. Hartnett, Elizabeth M. Galaska, Robert G. Brough, Jr., John M. Cress filed.
33 2017-12-05Brief amicus curiae of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.
32 2017-12-05Brief amicus curiae of The Rutherford Institute filed.
31 2017-12-05Brief amici curiae of Michigan, Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wisconsin filed.
30 2017-12-01Brief amicus curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation filed.
29 2017-11-29Joint appendix filed.
28 2017-11-29Brief of petitioner Mark Janus filed.
27 2017-11-15Brief amici curiae of Cato Institute, et al. filed.
26 2017-11-14Brief amicus curiae of James Madison Center for Free Speech, Inc. filed.
25 2017-11-08The time to file respondents' briefs on the merits is extended to and including January 12, 2018.
24 2017-11-08The time to file the joint appendix and petitioner's brief on the merits is extended to and including November 29, 2017.
23 2017-11-03Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Mark Janus.
22 2017-11-02Blanket Consent filed by Respondent, American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31
21 2017-10-24Blanket Consent filed by Respondents, Lisa Madigan and Michael Hoffman.
20 2017-09-28Petition GRANTED.
19 2017-08-30DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 9/25/2017.
18 2017-08-29Reply of petitioner Mark Janus filed.
17 2017-08-11Brief of respondent American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31 in opposition filed.
16 2017-08-10Brief of respondents Lisa Madigan and Michael Hoffman in opposition filed.
15 2017-07-10Brief amicus curiae of Mackinac Center for Public Policy filed.
14 2017-07-10Brief amicus curiae of Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.
13 2017-07-10Brief amicus curiae of Atlantic Legal Foundation filed.
12 2017-07-10Brief amici curiae of Michigan and Eighteen other States filed.
11 2017-07-10Brief amici curiae of the Cato Institute, et al. filed.
10 2017-07-10Brief amicus curiae of The Competitive Enterprise Institute filed.
9 2017-07-10Brief amici curiae of Rebecca Friedrichs, et al. filed.
8 2017-07-10Brief amicus curiae of Debora Nearman filed.
7 2017-07-07Brief amici curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation, et al. filed.
6 2017-07-07Brief amicus curiae of the Buckeye Institute for Public Policy Solutions filed.
5 2017-07-03Order extending time to file response to petition to and including August 11, 2017, for all respondents.
4 2017-06-26Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs, in support of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for respondents Michael Hoffman, in his official capacity as the Acting Director of the Illinois Department of Central Management Services, et al.
3 2017-06-21Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs, in support of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for petitioner.
2 2017-06-20Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs, in support of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for respondent American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, Council 31.
1 2017-06-06Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due July 10, 2017)

Case Counsels

NameParty NameDescriptionAddressPhoneType
Aaron D. LindstromMichigan and Eighteen other StatesAmicusSolicitor GeneralMichigan Department of Attorney GeneralP.O. Box 30212Lansing, MI 48909LindstromA@michigan.gov(517) 373-1124other
Andrew M. GrossmanThe Competitive Enterprise InstituteAmicusBaker & Hostetler LLPWashington Sq., Suite 11001050 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20036agrossman@bakerlaw.com(202)-861-1697other
Anthony T. CasoCenter for Constitutional JurisprudenceAmicusCenter for Constitutional Jurisprudencec/o Dale E. Fowler School of Law at Chapman UniversityOne University DriveOrange, CA 92866caso@chapman.edu(714) 628-2666other
David C. FrederickAmerican Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31Counsel of RecoKellogg, Hansen, Todd, Figel & Frederick, PLLC1615 M Street, NW, Suite 400Washington, DC 20036dfrederick@kellogghansen.com(202)-326-7951respondent
David Leigh FranklinLisa Madigan and Michael HoffmanCounsel of RecoSolicitor General State of Illinois100 West Randolph Street, 12th FloorChicago, IL 60601(312)-814-5376respondent
Deborah J. La FetraPacific Legal Foundation, et al.AmicusPacific Legal Foundation930 G StreetSacramento, CA 95814dlafetra@pacificlegal.org(916) 419-7111other
Ilya Shapirothe Cato Institute, et al.AmicusCato Institute1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20001ishapiro@cato.org(202) 842-2000other
James G. AbernathyRebecca Friedrichs, et al.AmicusFreedom Foundation2403 Pacific Ave., SEOlympia, WA 98501jabernathy@myfreedomfoundation.com360-956-3482other
Jill O. GibsonDebora NearmanAmicusGibson Law Firm121 SW Morrison, 11th Fl.Portland, OR 97204jill@gibsonlawfirm.org(503) 686-0486other
John J. Park Jr.the Buckeye Institute for Public Policy SolutionsAmicusStrickland Brockington Lewis LLP1170 Peachtree Street NESuite 2200Atlanta, GA 30309jjp@sbllaw.net(678) 347-2208other
Martin S. KaufmanAtlantic Legal FoundationAmicusAtlantic Legal Foundation500 Mamaroneck Avenue, Suite 320Harrison, NY 10528mskaufman@atlanticlegal.org(914) 834-3322other
Patrick J. WrightMackinac Center for Public PolicyAmicusMackinac Center for Public Policy140 West Main StreetMidland, MI 48640wright@mackinac.org(989)-631-0900other
William L. MessengerMark JanusCounsel of Recordc/o National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation, Inc.8001 Braddock Road, Suite 600Springfield, VA 22160wlm@nrtw.org(703)-321-8510petitioner
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