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Case Profile

Docket Number16-273
Term2016
Full NameGloucester County School Board v. G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
Short NameGloucester County School Board v. G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
PetitionerGloucester County School Board
RespondentG. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
Date Argued (Reargued)March 28, 2017
Date Decided

Question Presented

Title IX prohibits discrimination "on the basis of sex," 20 U.S.C. § 1681(a), while its implementing regulation permits "separate toilet, locker rooms, and shower facilities on the basis of sex," if the facilities are "comparable" for students of both sexes, 34 C.F.R. § 106.33. In this case, a Department of Education official opined in an unpublished letter that Title IX's prohibition of "sex" discrimination "include[s] gender identity," and that a funding recipient providing sex-separated facilities under the regulation "must generally treat transgender students consistent with their gender identity." App. 128a, 100a. The Fourth Circuit afforded this letter "controlling" deference under the doctrine of Auer v. Robbins, 519 U.S. 452 (1997). On remand the district court entered a preliminary injunction requiring the petitioner school board to allow respondent-who was born a girl but identifies as a boy-to use the boys' restrooms at school. The questions presented are: 1. Should this Court retain the Auer doctrine despite the objections of multiple Justices who have recently urged that it be reconsidered and overruled? 2. If Auer is retained, should deference extend to an unpublished agency letter that, among other things, does not carry the force of law and was adopted in the context of the very dispute in which deference is sought? 3. With or without deference to the agency, should the Department's specific interpretation of Title IX and 34 C.F.R. § 106.33 be given effect? GRANTED LIMITED TO QUESTIONS 2 AND 3 PRESENTED BY THE PETITION.

Case Events

NoDateDescription
113 2017-04-07JUDGMENT ISSUED.
112 2017-03-06Judgment VACATED and case REMANDED to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit for further consideration in light of the guidance document issued by the Department of Education and Department of Justice on February 22, 2017.
111 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of States of New York, et al. filed. (Distributed)
110 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of City and County of San Francisco, et al. filed. (Distributed)
109 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education John B. King, Jr., et al. filed. (Distributed)
108 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Americans United for Separation of Church and State and the National LGBT Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
107 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of 196 Members of Congress filed. (Distributed)
106 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of School Administrators from Thirty-One States and the District of Columbia filed. (Distributed)
105 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of National Education Association, et al. filed. (Distributed)
104 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Anti-Defamation League, et al. filed. (Distributed)
103 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Martine Rothblatt filed. (Distributed)
102 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth, et al. filed. (Distributed)
101 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church and President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church, et al. filed. (Distributed)
100 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., and the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund filed. (Distributed)
99 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Mills College filed. (Distributed)
98 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of PFLAG, Inc., et al. filed. (Distributed)
97 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Dr. Ben Barres, et al. filed. (Distributed)
96 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Impact Fund, et al. filed. (Distributed)
95 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Professor Terry S. Kogan filed. (Distributed)
94 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Scholars Who Study the Transgender Population filed. (Distributed)
93 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Professors Samuel Bagenstos, et al. filed. (Distributed)
92 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Montgomery County Public Schools filed. (Distributed)
91 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center, et al. filed. (Distributed)
90 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of American Academy of Pediatrics, et al. filed. (Distributed)
89 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, et al. filed. (Distributed)
88 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Anti-Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Gender-Based Violence Organizations filed. (Distributed)
87 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of the Equality Federation filed. (Distributed)
86 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of American Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
85 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Transgender Students and Allies filed. (Distributed)
84 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Constitutional Accountability Center filed. (Distributed)
83 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Law Enforcement Officers filed. (Distributed)
82 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of Human Rights Watch, and The New York City Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
81 2017-03-02Brief amici curiae of World Professional Association for Transgender Health, et al. filed. (Distributed)
80 2017-03-02Brief amicus curiae of Howard University School of Law Civil Rights Clinic filed. (Distributed)
79 2017-03-01Brief amici curiae of Reagan Greenberg, et al. filed. (Distributed)
78 2017-03-01Brief amici curiae of Apple, et al. filed. (Distributed)
77 2017-03-01Letter of respondent per 2/23/17 request of Clerk filed and distributed.
76 2017-03-01Letter of petitioner per 2/23/17 request of Clerk filed and distributed.
75 2017-02-28Brief amici curiae of National PTA, GLSEN, et al. filed. (Distributed)
74 2017-02-23Brief of respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed. (Distributed)
73 2017-02-23Request from the Clerk that the parties submit their views on how this case should proceed in light of the guidance document issued by the Department of Education and Department of Justice on February 22, 2017. The parties' views should be in the form of letters delivered to the Court and served upon counsel by 2:00 p.m. on Wednesday, March 1, 2017.
72 2017-02-22Advisory letter from the Solicitor General with attachment (U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division letter dated February 22, 2017) received and distributed.
71 2017-02-22CIRCULATED.
70 2017-02-07Record received from U.S.C.A. 4th Circuit. The record is electronic and available on PACER.
69 2017-02-06Reply of West Virginia, et al. in support of motion for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument.
68 2017-02-06Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 4th Circuit.
67 2017-02-03SET FOR ARGUMENT on Tuesday, March 28, 2017
66 2017-01-31Opposition of respondent to motion of West Virginia, et al. for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument.
65 2017-01-24Motion of West Virginia, et al. for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument filed.
64 2017-01-19Letter of respondent in response to petitioner's lodging opposition.
63 2017-01-19Letter of petitioner in opposition to respondent's proposed lodging.
62 2017-01-18Proposal of respondent to lodge copies of a redacted Gloucester County Circuit Court order of 9/9/16, and the subsequent amended birth certificate issued to Mr. Grimm on 10/27/16.
61 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of David Boyle in support of neither party filed.
60 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of Foundation for Moral Law filed.
59 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Christian Educators Association International, et al. filed.
58 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of The National School Boards Association, et al. filed.
57 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Public Advocate of the United States, et al. filed.
56 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Religious Colleges, Schools and Educators filed.
55 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of Concerned Women for America filed.
54 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Cato Institute, et al. filed.
53 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation, et al. filed.
52 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty filed.
51 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund filed.
50 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of National Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.
49 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Members of Congress filed.
48 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizens filed.
47 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of William J. Bennett filed.
46 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Dr. Judith Reisman and the Child Protection Institute filed.
45 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Women's Liberation Front, and Family Policy Alliance filed.
44 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Major Religious Organizations filed.
43 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of West Virginia and 20 Other States, et al. filed.
42 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Dr. Paul R. McHugh, M.D., Dr. Paul Hruz,M.D., Ph.D., and Dr. Lawrence S. Mayer, Ph.D. filed.
41 2017-01-10Brief amicus curiae of Alliance Defending Freedom filed.
40 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of General Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventists, et al. filed.
39 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Professors Dean Ronald A. Cass, Christopher C. Demuth, Sr., and Christopher J. Walker filed.
38 2017-01-10Brief amici curiae of Public Safety Experts filed.
37 2017-01-09Brief amici curiae of North Carolina Values Coalition, et al. filed.
36 2017-01-06Brief amicus curiae of Safe Spaces for Women in support of neither party filed.
35 2017-01-03Brief of petitioner Gloucester County School Board filed.
34 2017-01-03Joint appendix filed.
33 2016-12-07The time to file respondent's brief on the merits is extended to and including February 23, 2017.
32 2016-12-07The time to file the joint appendix and petitioner's brief on the merits is extended to and including January 3, 2017.
31 2016-11-22Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs in support of either party or of neither party from counsel for petitioner.
30 2016-10-28Petition GRANTED limited to Questions 2 and 3 presented by the petition.
29 2016-10-24DISTRIBUTED for Conference of October 28, 2016.
28 2016-09-30Brief amicus curiae of Missouri filed. (Distributed)
27 2016-09-30Brief amici curiae of National Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed. (Distributed)
26 2016-09-28Brief amici curiae of 8,914 Students, Parents, Grandparents and Community Members, et al. filed. (Distributed)
25 2016-09-28DISTRIBUTED for Conference of October 14, 2016.
24 2016-09-27Brief amicus curiae of Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty filed. (Distributed)
23 2016-09-27Brief amici curiae of West Virginia and 18 other States, et al. filed. (Distributed)
22 2016-09-27Brief amici curiae of Cato Institute, et al. filed. (Distributed)
21 2016-09-27Brief amici curiae of Cardinal Newman Society, et al. filed. (Distributed)
20 2016-09-27Brief amicus curiae of Women's Liberation Front filed. (Distributed)
19 2016-09-27Brief amicus curiae of William J. Bennett filed. (Distributed)
18 2016-09-27Brief amici curiae of Professional Educators From 46 States filed. (Distributed)
17 2016-09-27Brief amici curiae of Members of Congress filed. (Distributed)
16 2016-09-26Reply of petitioner Gloucester County School Board filed. (Distributed)
15 2016-09-23Brief amicus curiae of Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund filed.
14 2016-09-22Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizens filed.
13 2016-09-22Brief amici curiae of Liberty, Life, and Law Foundation, et al. filed.
12 2016-09-13Brief of respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm in opposition filed.
11 2016-09-06Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs in support, of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for petitioner.
10 2016-08-29Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due October 3, 2016)
9 2016-08-16Application (16A166) denied by The Chief Justice.
8 2016-08-15Response to application from respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed.
7 2016-08-15Application (16A166) to extend the time to file a petition for a writ of certiorari from August 29, 2016 to September 28, 2016, submitted to The Chief Justice.
6 2016-08-03The application to recall and stay the mandate of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in case No. 15-2056, presented to The Chief Justice and by him referred to the Court is granted and the preliminary injunction entered by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia on June 23, 2016, is hereby stayed pending the timely filing and disposition of a petition for a writ of certiorari. Should the petition for a writ of certiorari be denied, this stay shall terminate automatically. In the event the petition for a writ of certiorari is granted, the stay shall terminate upon the issuance of the judgment of this Court. Justice Breyer, concurring (Detached Opinion) Justice Ginsburg, Justice Sotomayor, and Jusitce Kagan would deny the application.
5 2016-08-03Application (16A52) referred to the Court.
4 2016-07-29Reply of applicant Gloucester County School Board filed.
3 2016-07-26Response to application from respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed.
2 2016-07-14Response to application (16A52) requested by The Chief Justice, due Wednesday, July 27, 2016, by 4 p.m. ET.
1 2016-07-13Application (16A52) to recall and stay, submitted to The Chief Justice.

Case Counsels

NameParty NameDescriptionAddressPhoneType
Aderson Bellegarde FrancoisReagan Greenberg, et al.AmicusInstitute for Public Representation Georgetown University Law Center 600 New Jersey Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001 anderson.francois@law.georgetown.edu(202) 661-6721other
Alice M. O'BrienNational Education Association, et al.AmicusNational Education Association 1201 16th Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 aobrien@nea.org(202) 822-7035other
Andrew McHie LacyProfessor Terry S. KoganAmicusSimpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP 900 G Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 alacy@stblaw.com(202) 636-5500other
Anthony L. FrancoisPacific Legal Foundation, et al.AmicusPacific Legal Foundation 930 G Street Sacramento, CA 95814 alf@pacificlegal.org(916) 419-7111other
Barbara D. UnderwoodStates of New York, et al.AmicusSolicitor General 120 Broadway, 25th Floor New York, NY 10271 barbara.underwood@ag.ny.gov(212) 416-8020other
Barry J. FleishmanAnti-Defamation League, et al.AmicusShapiro, Lifschitz & Schram, P.C. 1742 N Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 fleishman@slslaw.com(202) 689-1900other
Brianne Jenna GorodConstitutional Accountability CenterAmicusConstitutional Accountability Center 1200 18th Street, NW Suite 501 Washington, DC 20036 brianne@theusconstitution.org(202) 296-6889other
Charles A. RothfeldNational Women's Law Center, et al.AmicusMayer Brown LLP 1999 K Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 crothfeld@mayerbrown.com(202) 263-3000other
Charles J. CooperWilliam J. BennettAmicusCooper & Kirk, PLLC 1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 ccooper@cooperkirk.com(202) 220-9600other
David C. BoyleDavid Boyle in support of neither partyAmicusP.O. Box 15143 Long Beach, CA 90815 dbo@boyleslaw.org(734)-904-6132other
David Gabriel BookbinderWomen's Liberation FrontAmicusOffice of David Bookbinder, PLLC 107 S. West Street, Suite 491 Alexandria, VA 22134 david.bookbinder@verizon.net(301) 751-0611other
Deanne E. MaynardMills CollegeAmicusMorrison & Foerster LLP 2000 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 DMaynard@mofo.com(202) 887-8740other
Dean RichlinGLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, et al.AmicusFoley Hoag LLP 155 Seaport Boulevard Boston, MA 02210 drichlin@foleyhoag.com(617) 832-1000other
Deborah DewartLiberty, Life, and Law Foundation, et al. North Carolina Value Coalition, et al.Amicus620 E. Sabiston Drive Swansboro, NC 28584-9674 debcpalaw@earthlink.net(910)-326-4554other
Deborah H. RennerApple, et al.AmicusBaker & Hostetler, LLP 45 Rockefeller Plaza New York, NY 10111 drenner@bakerlaw.com(212) 589-4200other
Derek T. HoMontgomery County Public SchoolsAmicusKellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd, Evans & Figel, P.L.L.C. 1615 M Street, NW, Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036-3209 dho@khhte.com(202)-326-7931other
Douglas Hallward-DriemeierEquality FederationAmicusRopes & Gray LLP 2099 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20006-6807 Douglas.Hallward-Driemeier@ropesgray.com(202) 508-4776other
Elbert LinWest Virginia and 18 other States, et al. West Virginia and 20 Other States, et al.AmicusSolicitor General Office of Attorney General State Capitol Building 1, Room E-26 Charleston, WV 25305 Elbert.Lin@wvago.gov(304) 558-2021other
Eric F. CitronProfessors Samuel Bagenstos, et al.AmicusGoldstein & Russell, P.C. 7475 Wisconsin Ave., Suite 850 Bethesda, MD 20814 ecitron@goldsteinrussell.com(202) 362-0636other
Eric S. BaxterGeneral Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventists, et al.AmicusThe Becket Fund for Religious Liberty 1200 New Hampshire Ave. NW, Ste. 700 Washington, DC 20036 ebaxter@becketfund.org(202) 955-0095other
Erin Elizabeth MersinoChristian Educators Association International, et al.AmicusGreat Lakes Justice Center 5600 W. Mpunt Hope Hwy. Lansing, MI 48917 greatlakesJC.orgother
Gail L. HeriotGail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizensAmicus175 East Delaware Place, Suite 9009 Chicago, IL 60611 gheriot@me.com(619) 260-2331other
Gary Stuart McCalebAlliance Defending FreedomAmicusAlliance Defending Freedom 15100 North 90th Street Scottsdale, AZ 85260 gmccaleb@ADFlegal.org(480)-444-0020other
Gerard V. BradleyDr. Paul R. McHugh, M.D., Dr. Paul Hruz,M.D., Ph.D., and Dr. Lawrence S. Mayer, Ph.D.,Amicus3156 Eck Hall of Law Notre Dame, IN 46556 gerard.v.bradley.16@nd.edu(574)-631-8385other
Howard S. ZelboDr. Ben Barres, et al.AmicusCleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP One Liberty Plaza New York, NY 10006-1470(212) 225-2000other
Ilya ShapiroCato Institute, et al.AmicusCato Institute 1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20001 ishapiro@cato.org(202) 842-0200other
Jaime H. DelayeCity and County of San Francisco, et al.AmicusCity Attorney's Office City Hall Room 234 One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Pl. San Francisco, CA 94102 jaime.hulingdelaye@sfgov.org(415) 554-3957other
James R. LaytonMissouriAmicusSolicitor General Office of the Attorney General P. O. Box 899 Jefferson City, MO 65102 james.layton@ago.mo.gov(573) 751-1800other
Jeffrey L. BleichSecretary of Education Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education John B. King, Jr., et al.AmicusDentons US LLP One Market Plaza Spear Tower, Twenty-Fourth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105 jeffrey.bleich@dentons.com(415) 882-5020other
Jeffrey S. TrachtmanPresiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church and President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church, et al.AmicusKramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel, LLP 1177 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10036 jtrachtman@kramerlevin.com(212) 715-9100other
Jesse Ryan LofflerTransgender Students and AlliesAmicusFried Frank Harris Shriver & Jacobson LLP One New York Plaza New York, NY 10004 jesse.loffler@friedfrank.com212-859-8216other
John C. DwyerPFLAG, Inc., et al.AmicusCooley LLP 3175 Hanover Street Palo Alto, CA 94304 dwyerjc@cooley.com(650) 843-5000other
John C. EastmanNational Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional JurisprudenceAmicusCenter for Constitutional Jurisprudence c/o Chapman University School of Law One University Drive Orange, CA 92866 jeastman@chapman.edu(714) 628-2587other
Jonah Moses KnoblerinterACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth, et al.AmicusPatterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP 1133 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10036 jknobler@pbwt.com212336-2000other
Joshua A. BlockG. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre GrimmCounsel of RecordACLU 125 Broad Street New York, NY 10004 jblock@aclu.org(212)-549-2593respondent
Karla McKandersHoward University School of Law Civil Rights ClinicAmicusHoward University of School of Law Civil Rights Clinic 2900 Vann Ness Street, NW Washington, DC 20008 Karlamckanders@howard.edu(202) 806-8065other
Katherine Melanie ForsterLaw Enforcement OfficersAmicusMunger Tolles & Olson LLP 350 South Grand Avenue Fiftieth Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071-1560 Katherine.Forster@mto.com213.683.9538other
Kelly J. ShackelfordCardinal Newman Society, et al. Religious Colleges, Schools and EducatorsAmicusLiberty Institute 2001 W. Plano Parkway, Suite 1600 Plano, TX 75075 kshackford@libertyinstitute.org(972) 941-4444other
Kenneth Y. ChoeAmericans United for Separation of Church and State and The National LGBT Bar AssociationAmicusHogan Lovells, US LLP 555 Thirteenth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20004 ken.choe@hoganlovells.com(202) 637-5675other
Kristen K. Waggoner8,914 Students, Parents, Grandparents and Community Members, et al.AmicusAlliance Defending Freedom 15100 N. 90th Street Scottsdale, AZ 85260 kwaggoner@ADFlegal.org(480) 444-0020other
Lawrence J. JosephEagle Forum Education & Legal Defense FundAmicus1250 Connecticut Ave., NW Suite 200 Washington, DC 20036 lj@larryjoseph.com(202) 355-9452other
Linda A. KleinAmerican Bar AssociationAmicusPresident American Bar Association 321 North Clark Street Chicago, IL 60654 abapresident@americanbar.org(312) 988-5000other
Lindsay Polastri NakoImpact Fund, et al.AmicusImpact Fund 125 University Ave. Suite 102 Berkeley, CA 94710 lnako@impactfund.org5108453473other
Mario LoyolaWisconsin Institute for Law & LibertyAmicusWisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty 1139 East Knapp Street Milwaukee, WI 53202 mario@will-law.org(414) 727-9455other
Mark HaddadScholars Who Study the Transgender PopulationAmicusSidley Austin LLP 555 West Fifth Street Los Angeles, CA 90013 mhaddad@sidley.com(213) 896-66604other
Mathew D. StaverDr. Judith Reisman and the Child Protection InstituteAmicusLiberty Counsel P.O. Box 540774 Orlando, FL 327854 court@lc.org(800) 671-1776other
Michael Lee FranciscoPublic Safety ExpertsAmicusMRDLAW 3301West Clyde Place Denver, CO 80211 michael.francisco@mrd.law(303) 325-7843other
Michael Lee FranciscoProfessional Educators From 46 StatesAmicusMRDLaw 3301 West Clyde PLace Denver, CO 80211 michael.francisco@mrd.law(303) 325-7843other
Michelle Shamblin StrattonThe National School Boards Association, et al.Amicus700 Louisiana Street Suite 2300 Houston, TX 77002 mstratton@skv.com713-221-2354other
Peter T. Barbur196 Members of CongressAmicusCravath, Swaine & Moore LLP Worldwide Plaza 825 Eighth Avenue New York, NY 10019-7475 pbarbur@cravath.com(212) 474-1000other
Phillip L. JaureguiFoundation for Moral LawAmicusJudicial Action Group 1015 15th At., NW Washington, DC 20005 plj@judicialactiongroup.com(202) 216-9309other
Richard D. BernsteinNational PTA, GLSEN, et al.AmicusWillkie Farr & Gallagher LLP 1875 K Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 rbernstein@willkie.com(202) 303-1108other
Richard L. LevineHuman Rights Watch, and The New York City Bar AssociationAmicusWeil, Gotshal & Manges, LLP 767 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10153 richard.levine@weil.com(212) 310-8286other
Richard Mark SegalSchool Administrators from Thirty-One States and the District of ColumbiaAmicusPillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP 1200 Seventeenth Street, NW, Suite 1100 San Diego, CA 92101 richard.segal@pillsburylaw.com(619) 234-5000other
Richard Shawn GunnarsonMajor Religious OrganizationsAmicusKiront McConckie 1800 World Trade Center 60 East South Temple Street Salt Lake City, UT 84111 sgunnarson@kmclaw.com(801) 328-3600other
Robert Jeffrey OlsonPublic Advocate of the United States, et al.AmicusWilliam J. Olson PC 370 Maple Avenue West, Suite 4 Vienna, VA 22180-5615 wjo@mindspring.com703-356-5070other
Ronald A. CassProfessors - Dear Ronald A. Cass, Christopher C. Demuth, Sr., and Christopher J. WalkerAmicusCass & Associates, PC 10560 Fox Forest Drive Great Falls, VA 22066-1743 roncass@cassassociates.net(703) 438-7590other
Ryan Lee BangertSafe Spaces for WomenAmicusBaker Botts LLP 2001 Ross Avenue, Suite 600 Dallas, TX 75201 ryan.bangert@bakerbotts.com214-953-6915other
Scott Block WilkensAmerican Academy of Pediatrics, et al.AmicusJenner & Block, LLP Jenner & Block LLP 1099 New York Ave., NW, Suite 1099 Washington, DC 20005 swilkens@jenner.com(202) 639-6000other
S. Kyle DuncanGloucester County School BoardCounsel of RecordSchaerr | Duncan LLP 1717 K Street, NW, Suite 900 Washington, DC 20006 kduncan@schaerr-duncan.com(202) 714-9492; (202) 787-1060petitioner
Steven W. FitschenConcerned Women for AmericaAmicusThe National Legal Foundation 2224 Virginia Beach Blvd. Suite 204 Virginia Beach, VA 23454 nlf@nlf.net(757)-463-6133other
Suzanne B. GoldbergNAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., and the Asian American Legal Defense and Education FundAmicusColumbia Law School Sexuality and Gender Law Center 435 West 116th Street New York, NY 10027 sgoldb1@law.columbia.edu(212) 854-0411other
Thomas M. HefferonWorld Professional Association for Transgender Health, et al.AmicusGoodwin Procter LLP 901 New York Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001 thefferon@goodwinprocter.com(202) 346-4000other
Tobias Barrington WolffMartine RothblattAmicusUniversity of Pennsylvania Law School 3501 Sansom Street Philadelphia, PA 19104 twolff@law.upenn.edu(215) 898-7471other
Walter DellingerAnti-Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Gender-Based Violence OrganizationsAmicusO'Melveny & Myers LLP 1625 Eye Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 wdellinger@omm.com(202) 383-5319other
William S. ConsovoyMembers of CongressAmicusConsovoy McCarthy Park PLLC 3033 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 700 Arlington, VA 22201 will@consovoymccarthy.com(703) 243-9423other
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