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Case Profile

Docket Number 16-273
Term 2016
Full Name Gloucester County School Board v. G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
Short Name Gloucester County School Board v. G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
Petitioner Gloucester County School Board
Respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm
Date Argued (Reargued) March 28, 2017
Date Decided

Question Presented

Title IX prohibits discrimination "on the basis of sex," 20 U.S.C. § 1681(a), while its implementing regulation permits "separate toilet, locker rooms, and shower facilities on the basis of sex," if the facilities are "comparable" for students of both sexes, 34 C.F.R. § 106.33. In this case, a Department of Education official opined in an unpublished letter that Title IX's prohibition of "sex" discrimination "include[s] gender identity," and that a funding recipient providing sex-separated facilities under the regulation "must generally treat transgender students consistent with their gender identity." App. 128a, 100a. The Fourth Circuit afforded this letter "controlling" deference under the doctrine of Auer v. Robbins, 519 U.S. 452 (1997). On remand the district court entered a preliminary injunction requiring the petitioner school board to allow respondent-who was born a girl but identifies as a boy-to use the boys' restrooms at school. The questions presented are: 1. Should this Court retain the Auer doctrine despite the objections of multiple Justices who have recently urged that it be reconsidered and overruled? 2. If Auer is retained, should deference extend to an unpublished agency letter that, among other things, does not carry the force of law and was adopted in the context of the very dispute in which deference is sought? 3. With or without deference to the agency, should the Department's specific interpretation of Title IX and 34 C.F.R. § 106.33 be given effect? GRANTED LIMITED TO QUESTIONS 2 AND 3 PRESENTED BY THE PETITION.

Case Events

No Date Description
112 2017-03-06 Judgment VACATED and case REMANDED to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit for further consideration in light of the guidance document issued by the Department of Education and Department of Justice on February 22, 2017.
111 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of States of New York, et al. filed. (Distributed)
110 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of City and County of San Francisco, et al. filed. (Distributed)
109 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education John B. King, Jr., et al. filed. (Distributed)
108 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Americans United for Separation of Church and State and the National LGBT Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
107 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of 196 Members of Congress filed. (Distributed)
106 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of School Administrators from Thirty-One States and the District of Columbia filed. (Distributed)
105 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of National Education Association, et al. filed. (Distributed)
104 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Anti-Defamation League, et al. filed. (Distributed)
103 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Martine Rothblatt filed. (Distributed)
102 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth, et al. filed. (Distributed)
101 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church and President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church, et al. filed. (Distributed)
100 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., and the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund filed. (Distributed)
99 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Mills College filed. (Distributed)
98 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of PFLAG, Inc., et al. filed. (Distributed)
97 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Dr. Ben Barres, et al. filed. (Distributed)
96 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Impact Fund, et al. filed. (Distributed)
95 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Professor Terry S. Kogan filed. (Distributed)
94 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Scholars Who Study the Transgender Population filed. (Distributed)
93 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Professors Samuel Bagenstos, et al. filed. (Distributed)
92 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Montgomery County Public Schools filed. (Distributed)
91 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of National Women's Law Center, et al. filed. (Distributed)
90 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of American Academy of Pediatrics, et al. filed. (Distributed)
89 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, et al. filed. (Distributed)
88 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Anti-Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Gender-Based Violence Organizations filed. (Distributed)
87 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of the Equality Federation filed. (Distributed)
86 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of American Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
85 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Transgender Students and Allies filed. (Distributed)
84 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Constitutional Accountability Center filed. (Distributed)
83 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Law Enforcement Officers filed. (Distributed)
82 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of Human Rights Watch, and The New York City Bar Association filed. (Distributed)
81 2017-03-02 Brief amici curiae of World Professional Association for Transgender Health, et al. filed. (Distributed)
80 2017-03-02 Brief amicus curiae of Howard University School of Law Civil Rights Clinic filed. (Distributed)
79 2017-03-01 Brief amici curiae of Reagan Greenberg, et al. filed. (Distributed)
78 2017-03-01 Brief amici curiae of Apple, et al. filed. (Distributed)
77 2017-03-01 Letter of respondent per 2/23/17 request of Clerk filed and distributed.
76 2017-03-01 Letter of petitioner per 2/23/17 request of Clerk filed and distributed.
75 2017-02-28 Brief amici curiae of National PTA, GLSEN, et al. filed. (Distributed)
74 2017-02-23 Brief of respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed. (Distributed)
73 2017-02-23 Request from the Clerk that the parties submit their views on how this case should proceed in light of the guidance document issued by the Department of Education and Department of Justice on February 22, 2017. The parties' views should be in the form of letters delivered to the Court and served upon counsel by 2:00 p.m. on Wednesday, March 1, 2017.
72 2017-02-22 Advisory letter from the Solicitor General with attachment (U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division letter dated February 22, 2017) received and distributed.
71 2017-02-22 CIRCULATED.
70 2017-02-07 Record received from U.S.C.A. 4th Circuit. The record is electronic and available on PACER.
69 2017-02-06 Reply of West Virginia, et al. in support of motion for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument.
68 2017-02-06 Record requested from the U.S.C.A. 4th Circuit.
67 2017-02-03 SET FOR ARGUMENT on Tuesday, March 28, 2017
66 2017-01-31 Opposition of respondent to motion of West Virginia, et al. for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument.
65 2017-01-24 Motion of West Virginia, et al. for leave to participate in oral argument as amici curiae and for divided argument filed.
64 2017-01-19 Letter of respondent in response to petitioner's lodging opposition.
63 2017-01-19 Letter of petitioner in opposition to respondent's proposed lodging.
62 2017-01-18 Proposal of respondent to lodge copies of a redacted Gloucester County Circuit Court order of 9/9/16, and the subsequent amended birth certificate issued to Mr. Grimm on 10/27/16.
61 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of David Boyle in support of neither party filed.
60 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of Foundation for Moral Law filed.
59 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Christian Educators Association International, et al. filed.
58 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of The National School Boards Association, et al. filed.
57 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Public Advocate of the United States, et al. filed.
56 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Religious Colleges, Schools and Educators filed.
55 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of Concerned Women for America filed.
54 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Cato Institute, et al. filed.
53 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation, et al. filed.
52 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty filed.
51 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund filed.
50 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of National Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed.
49 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Members of Congress filed.
48 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizens filed.
47 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of William J. Bennett filed.
46 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Dr. Judith Reisman and the Child Protection Institute filed.
45 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Women's Liberation Front, and Family Policy Alliance filed.
44 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Major Religious Organizations filed.
43 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of West Virginia and 20 Other States, et al. filed.
42 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Dr. Paul R. McHugh, M.D., Dr. Paul Hruz,M.D., Ph.D., and Dr. Lawrence S. Mayer, Ph.D. filed.
41 2017-01-10 Brief amicus curiae of Alliance Defending Freedom filed.
40 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of General Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventists, et al. filed.
39 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Professors Dean Ronald A. Cass, Christopher C. Demuth, Sr., and Christopher J. Walker filed.
38 2017-01-10 Brief amici curiae of Public Safety Experts filed.
37 2017-01-09 Brief amici curiae of North Carolina Values Coalition, et al. filed.
36 2017-01-06 Brief amicus curiae of Safe Spaces for Women in support of neither party filed.
35 2017-01-03 Brief of petitioner Gloucester County School Board filed.
34 2017-01-03 Joint appendix filed.
33 2016-12-07 The time to file respondent's brief on the merits is extended to and including February 23, 2017.
32 2016-12-07 The time to file the joint appendix and petitioner's brief on the merits is extended to and including January 3, 2017.
31 2016-11-22 Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs in support of either party or of neither party from counsel for petitioner.
30 2016-10-28 Petition GRANTED limited to Questions 2 and 3 presented by the petition.
29 2016-10-24 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of October 28, 2016.
28 2016-09-30 Brief amicus curiae of Missouri filed. (Distributed)
27 2016-09-30 Brief amici curiae of National Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence filed. (Distributed)
26 2016-09-28 Brief amici curiae of 8,914 Students, Parents, Grandparents and Community Members, et al. filed. (Distributed)
25 2016-09-28 DISTRIBUTED for Conference of October 14, 2016.
24 2016-09-27 Brief amicus curiae of Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty filed. (Distributed)
23 2016-09-27 Brief amici curiae of West Virginia and 18 other States, et al. filed. (Distributed)
22 2016-09-27 Brief amici curiae of Cato Institute, et al. filed. (Distributed)
21 2016-09-27 Brief amici curiae of Cardinal Newman Society, et al. filed. (Distributed)
20 2016-09-27 Brief amicus curiae of Women's Liberation Front filed. (Distributed)
19 2016-09-27 Brief amicus curiae of William J. Bennett filed. (Distributed)
18 2016-09-27 Brief amici curiae of Professional Educators From 46 States filed. (Distributed)
17 2016-09-27 Brief amici curiae of Members of Congress filed. (Distributed)
16 2016-09-26 Reply of petitioner Gloucester County School Board filed. (Distributed)
15 2016-09-23 Brief amicus curiae of Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund filed.
14 2016-09-22 Brief amici curiae of Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizens filed.
13 2016-09-22 Brief amici curiae of Liberty, Life, and Law Foundation, et al. filed.
12 2016-09-13 Brief of respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm in opposition filed.
11 2016-09-06 Consent to the filing of amicus curiae briefs in support, of either party or of neither party, received from counsel for petitioner.
10 2016-08-29 Petition for a writ of certiorari filed. (Response due October 3, 2016)
9 2016-08-16 Application (16A166) denied by The Chief Justice.
8 2016-08-15 Response to application from respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed.
7 2016-08-15 Application (16A166) to extend the time to file a petition for a writ of certiorari from August 29, 2016 to September 28, 2016, submitted to The Chief Justice.
6 2016-08-03 The application to recall and stay the mandate of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in case No. 15-2056, presented to The Chief Justice and by him referred to the Court is granted and the preliminary injunction entered by the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia on June 23, 2016, is hereby stayed pending the timely filing and disposition of a petition for a writ of certiorari. Should the petition for a writ of certiorari be denied, this stay shall terminate automatically. In the event the petition for a writ of certiorari is granted, the stay shall terminate upon the issuance of the judgment of this Court. Justice Breyer, concurring (Detached Opinion) Justice Ginsburg, Justice Sotomayor, and Jusitce Kagan would deny the application.
5 2016-08-03 Application (16A52) referred to the Court.
4 2016-07-29 Reply of applicant Gloucester County School Board filed.
3 2016-07-26 Response to application from respondent G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm filed.
2 2016-07-14 Response to application (16A52) requested by The Chief Justice, due Wednesday, July 27, 2016, by 4 p.m. ET.
1 2016-07-13 Application (16A52) to recall and stay, submitted to The Chief Justice.

Case Counsels

Name Party Name Description Address Phone Type
Aderson Bellegarde Francois Reagan Greenberg, et al. Amicus Institute for Public Representation Georgetown University Law Center 600 New Jersey Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001 anderson.francois@law.georgetown.edu (202) 661-6721 other
Alice M. O'Brien National Education Association, et al. Amicus National Education Association 1201 16th Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 aobrien@nea.org (202) 822-7035 other
Andrew McHie Lacy Professor Terry S. Kogan Amicus Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP 900 G Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 alacy@stblaw.com (202) 636-5500 other
Anthony Lee Francois Pacific Legal Foundation, et al. Amicus Pacific Legal Foundation 930 G Street Sacramento, CA 95814 alf@pacificlegal.org (916) 419-7111 other
Barbara D. Underwood States of New York, et al. Amicus Solicitor General 120 Broadway, 25th Floor New York, NY 10271 barbara.underwood@ag.ny.gov (212) 416-8020 other
Barry J. Fleishman Anti-Defamation League, et al. Amicus Shapiro, Lifschitz & Schram, P.C. 1742 N Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 fleishman@slslaw.com (202) 689-1900 other
Brianne Jenna Gorod Constitutional Accountability Center Amicus Constitutional Accountability Center 1200 18th Street, NW Suite 501 Washington, DC 20036 brianne@theusconstitution.org (202) 296-6889 other
Charles A. Rothfeld National Women's Law Center, et al. Amicus Mayer Brown LLP 1999 K Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 crothfeld@mayerbrown.com (202) 263-3000 other
Charles J. Cooper William J. Bennett Amicus Cooper & Kirk, PLLC 1523 New Hampshire Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 ccooper@cooperkirk.com (202) 220-9600 other
David C. Boyle David Boyle in support of neither party Amicus P.O. Box 15143 Long Beach, CA 90815 dbo@boyleslaw.org (734)-904-6132 other
David Gabriel Bookbinder Women's Liberation Front Amicus Office of David Bookbinder, PLLC 107 S. West Street, Suite 491 Alexandria, VA 22134 david.bookbinder@verizon.net (301) 751-0611 other
Deanne E. Maynard Mills College Amicus Morrison & Foerster LLP 2000 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 DMaynard@mofo.com (202) 887-8740 other
Dean Richlin GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders, et al. Amicus Foley Hoag LLP 155 Seaport Boulevard Boston, MA 02210 drichlin@foleyhoag.com (617) 832-1000 other
Deborah Dewart Liberty, Life, and Law Foundation, et al. North Carolina Value Coalition, et al. Amicus 620 E. Sabiston Drive Swansboro, NC 28584-9674 debcpalaw@earthlink.net (910)-326-4554 other
Deborah H. Renner Apple, et al. Amicus Baker & Hostetler, LLP 45 Rockefeller Plaza New York, NY 10111 drenner@bakerlaw.com (212) 589-4200 other
Derek T. Ho Montgomery County Public Schools Amicus Kellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd, Evans & Figel, P.L.L.C. 1615 M Street, NW, Suite 400 Washington, DC 20036-3209 dho@khhte.com (202)-326-7931 other
Douglas Hallward-Driemeier Equality Federation Amicus Ropes & Gray LLP 2099 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20006-6807 Douglas.Hallward-Driemeier@ropesgray.com (202) 508-4776 other
Elbert Lin West Virginia and 18 other States, et al. West Virginia and 20 Other States, et al. Amicus Solicitor General Office of Attorney General State Capitol Building 1, Room E-26 Charleston, WV 25305 Elbert.Lin@wvago.gov (304) 558-2021 other
Eric F. Citron Professors Samuel Bagenstos, et al. Amicus Goldstein & Russell, P.C. 7475 Wisconsin Ave., Suite 850 Bethesda, MD 20814 ecitron@goldsteinrussell.com (202) 362-0636 other
Eric S. Baxter General Conference of the Seventh-Day Adventists, et al. Amicus The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty 1200 New Hampshire Ave. NW, Ste. 700 Washington, DC 20036 ebaxter@becketfund.org (202) 955-0095 other
Erin Elizabeth Mersino Christian Educators Association International, et al. Amicus Great Lakes Justice Center 5600 W. Mpunt Hope Hwy. Lansing, MI 48917 greatlakesJC.org other
Gail L. Heriot Gail Heriot and Peter N. Kirsanow, members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, in their capacities as private citizens Amicus 175 East Delaware Place, Suite 9009 Chicago, IL 60611 gheriot@me.com (619) 260-2331 other
Gary Stuart McCaleb Alliance Defending Freedom Amicus Alliance Defending Freedom 15100 North 90th Street Scottsdale, AZ 85260 gmccaleb@ADFlegal.org (480)-444-0020 other
Gerard V. Bradley Dr. Paul R. McHugh, M.D., Dr. Paul Hruz,M.D., Ph.D., and Dr. Lawrence S. Mayer, Ph.D., Amicus 3156 Eck Hall of Law Notre Dame, IN 46556 gerard.v.bradley.16@nd.edu (574)-631-8385 other
Howard S. Zelbo Dr. Ben Barres, et al. Amicus Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP One Liberty Plaza New York, NY 10006-1470 (212) 225-2000 other
Ilya Shapiro Cato Institute, et al. Amicus Cato Institute 1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW Washington, DC 20001 ishapiro@cato.org (202) 842-0200 other
Jaime H. Delaye City and County of San Francisco, et al. Amicus City Attorney's Office City Hall Room 234 One Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Pl. San Francisco, CA 94102 jaime.hulingdelaye@sfgov.org (415) 554-3957 other
James R. Layton Missouri Amicus Solicitor General Office of the Attorney General P. O. Box 899 Jefferson City, MO 65102 james.layton@ago.mo.gov (573) 751-1800 other
Jeffrey L. Bleich Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education John B. King, Jr., et al. Amicus Dentons US LLP One Market Plaza Spear Tower, Twenty-Fourth Floor San Francisco, CA 94105 jeffrey.bleich@dentons.com (415) 882-5020 other
Jeffrey S. Trachtman Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church and President of the House of Deputies of the Episcopal Church, et al. Amicus Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel, LLP 1177 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10036 jtrachtman@kramerlevin.com (212) 715-9100 other
Jesse Ryan Loffler Transgender Students and Allies Amicus Fried Frank Harris Shriver & Jacobson LLP One New York Plaza New York, NY 10004 jesse.loffler@friedfrank.com 212-859-8216 other
John C. Dwyer PFLAG, Inc., et al. Amicus Cooley LLP 3175 Hanover Street Palo Alto, CA 94304 dwyerjc@cooley.com (650) 843-5000 other
John C. Eastman National Organization for Marriage and Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence Amicus Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence c/o Chapman University School of Law One University Drive Orange, CA 92866 jeastman@chapman.edu (714) 628-2587 other
Jonah Moses Knobler interACT: Advocates for Intersex Youth, et al. Amicus Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP 1133 Avenue of the Americas New York, NY 10036 jknobler@pbwt.com 212336-2000 other
Joshua A. Block G. G., By His Next Friend and Mother, Deirdre Grimm Counsel of Record ACLU 125 Broad Street New York, NY 10004 jblock@aclu.org (212)-549-2593 respondent
Karla McKanders Howard University School of Law Civil Rights Clinic Amicus Howard University of School of Law Civil Rights Clinic 2900 Vann Ness Street, NW Washington, DC 20008 Karlamckanders@howard.edu (202) 806-8065 other
Katherine Melanie Forster Law Enforcement Officers Amicus Munger Tolles & Olson LLP 350 South Grand Avenue Fiftieth Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071-1560 Katherine.Forster@mto.com 213.683.9538 other
Kelly J. Shackelford Cardinal Newman Society, et al. Religious Colleges, Schools and Educators Amicus Liberty Institute 2001 W. Plano Parkway, Suite 1600 Plano, TX 75075 kshackford@libertyinstitute.org (972) 941-4444 other
Kenneth Y. Choe Americans United for Separation of Church and State and The National LGBT Bar Association Amicus Hogan Lovells, US LLP 555 Thirteenth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20004 ken.choe@hoganlovells.com (202) 637-5675 other
Kristen K. Waggoner 8,914 Students, Parents, Grandparents and Community Members, et al. Amicus Alliance Defending Freedom 15100 N. 90th Street Scottsdale, AZ 85260 kwaggoner@ADFlegal.org (480) 444-0020 other
Lawrence J. Joseph Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund Amicus 1250 Connecticut Ave., NW Suite 200 Washington, DC 20036 lj@larryjoseph.com (202) 355-9452 other
Linda A. Klein American Bar Association Amicus President American Bar Association 321 North Clark Street Chicago, IL 60654 abapresident@americanbar.org (312) 988-5000 other
Lindsay Polastri Nako Impact Fund, et al. Amicus Impact Fund 125 University Ave. Suite 102 Berkeley, CA 94710 lnako@impactfund.org 5108453473 other
Mario Loyola Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty Amicus Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty 1139 East Knapp Street Milwaukee, WI 53202 mario@will-law.org (414) 727-9455 other
Mark Haddad Scholars Who Study the Transgender Population Amicus Sidley Austin LLP 555 West Fifth Street Los Angeles, CA 90013 mhaddad@sidley.com (213) 896-66604 other
Mathew D. Staver Dr. Judith Reisman and the Child Protection Institute Amicus Liberty Counsel P.O. Box 540774 Orlando, FL 327854 court@lc.org (800) 671-1776 other
Michael Lee Francisco Professional Educators From 46 States Amicus MRDLaw 3301 West Clyde PLace Denver, CO 80211 michael.francisco@mrd.law (303) 325-7843 other
Michael Lee Francisco Public Safety Experts Amicus MRDLAW 3301West Clyde Place Denver, CO 80211 michael.francisco@mrd.law (303) 325-7843 other
Michelle Shamblin Stratton The National School Boards Association, et al. Amicus 700 Louisiana Street Suite 2300 Houston, TX 77002 mstratton@skv.com 713-221-2354 other
Peter T. Barbur 196 Members of Congress Amicus Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP Worldwide Plaza 825 Eighth Avenue New York, NY 10019-7475 pbarbur@cravath.com (212) 474-1000 other
Phillip L. Jauregui Foundation for Moral Law Amicus Judicial Action Group 1015 15th At., NW Washington, DC 20005 plj@judicialactiongroup.com (202) 216-9309 other
Richard D. Bernstein National PTA, GLSEN, et al. Amicus Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP 1875 K Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 rbernstein@willkie.com (202) 303-1108 other
Richard L. Levine Human Rights Watch, and The New York City Bar Association Amicus Weil, Gotshal & Manges, LLP 767 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10153 richard.levine@weil.com (212) 310-8286 other
Richard Mark Segal School Administrators from Thirty-One States and the District of Columbia Amicus Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP 1200 Seventeenth Street, NW, Suite 1100 San Diego, CA 92101 richard.segal@pillsburylaw.com (619) 234-5000 other
Richard Shawn Gunnarson Major Religious Organizations Amicus Kiront McConckie 1800 World Trade Center 60 East South Temple Street Salt Lake City, UT 84111 sgunnarson@kmclaw.com (801) 328-3600 other
Robert Jeffrey Olson Public Advocate of the United States, et al. Amicus William J. Olson PC 370 Maple Avenue West, Suite 4 Vienna, VA 22180-5615 wjo@mindspring.com 703-356-5070 other
Ronald A. Cass Professors - Dear Ronald A. Cass, Christopher C. Demuth, Sr., and Christopher J. Walker Amicus Cass & Associates, PC 10560 Fox Forest Drive Great Falls, VA 22066-1743 roncass@cassassociates.net (703) 438-7590 other
Ryan Lee Bangert Safe Spaces for Women Amicus Baker Botts LLP 2001 Ross Avenue, Suite 600 Dallas, TX 75201 ryan.bangert@bakerbotts.com 214-953-6915 other
Scott Block Wilkens American Academy of Pediatrics, et al. Amicus Jenner & Block, LLP Jenner & Block LLP 1099 New York Ave., NW, Suite 1099 Washington, DC 20005 swilkens@jenner.com (202) 639-6000 other
S. Kyle Duncan Gloucester County School Board Counsel of Record Schaerr | Duncan LLP 1717 K Street, NW, Suite 900 Washington, DC 20006 kduncan@schaerr-duncan.com (202) 714-9492; (202) 787-1060 petitioner
Steven W. Fitschen Concerned Women for America Amicus The National Legal Foundation 2224 Virginia Beach Blvd. Suite 204 Virginia Beach, VA 23454 nlf@nlf.net (757)-463-6133 other
Suzanne B. Goldberg NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc., and the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund Amicus Columbia Law School Sexuality and Gender Law Center 435 West 116th Street New York, NY 10027 sgoldb1@law.columbia.edu (212) 854-0411 other
Thomas M. Hefferon World Professional Association for Transgender Health, et al. Amicus Goodwin Procter LLP 901 New York Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20001 thefferon@goodwinprocter.com (202) 346-4000 other
Tobias Barrington Wolff Martine Rothblatt Amicus University of Pennsylvania Law School 3501 Sansom Street Philadelphia, PA 19104 twolff@law.upenn.edu (215) 898-7471 other
Walter Dellinger Anti-Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Gender-Based Violence Organizations Amicus O'Melveny & Myers LLP 1625 Eye Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 wdellinger@omm.com (202) 383-5319 other
William S. Consovoy Members of Congress Amicus Consovoy McCarthy Park PLLC 3033 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 700 Arlington, VA 22201 will@consovoymccarthy.com (703) 243-9423 other
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